Means of transport

What are the differences, the similarities,the advantages and disadvantages of some transport of means if you compare them to train.

The Cruis Ship

Is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ship’s amenities are part of the experience, as well as the different destinations along the way. Transportation is not the prime purpose, as a cruise ships operate mostly on routes that return passengers to their originating port, so the ports of call are usually in a specified region of a continent. Typical cruise ships are not built to a high standard like cruise ocean liners. They don’t include high free board and strong plating to withstand rough seas and adverse conditions. Usually they have large capacities for fuel, victuals, and other stores for consumption on long voyages. The decks are open and appropriate for tropical weather and the cabins are designed to maximize passenger’s pleasure. The modern cruise ships, while sacrificing qualities of seaworthiness, have added amenities to cater to tourists, and recent vessels have been described as ‘balcony-laden floating condominiums’. Larger cruise ships have also engaged in longer trips such as transoceanic voyages, which may not lead back to the same port for months.

Cruising has become a major part of the tourism industry, according for U.S $29.4 billion with over 19 million passengers carried worldwide in 2011.The worlds largest cruise ship is Royal Caribbean International MS Allure of the seas.

Some other big cruise ships are: Norwegian Epic, Queen Mary 2, Freedom of the seas, Liberty of the seas, Independent of the seas, Carnival dream, Disney dream and so on.

Some of the on-board facilities: Casino(open when the ship is in open sea),Spa, Fitness center, Shops(open when the ship is in open sea), Library, Theater with Broadway style shows, Cinema, Indoor and/or outdoor swimming pool, Hot tub, Buffet restaurant, Lounges, Gym, Clubs. Some ships have bowling alleys, ice skating rinks, rock climbing walls, miniature golf courses, video arcades, basketball courts, or tennis courts.

The difference between traveling by cruise ship instead trains is the huge space and the various activities. You feel like you are in a miniature city but the landscape in not changing and the speed feels so low that you feel like not moving.

The Bus

(archaically also omnibus, multibus, or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Buses have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type of bus is the single decker bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker buses, and articulated buses and smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses;coaches  are used for longer distance services. Bus manufacturing is increasingly globalised, with the same design appearing around the world. Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport, scheduled coach transport, school transport, private hire, tourism, promotional buses may be used for political campaigns and others are privately operated for a wide range of purposes.

Horse drawn buses were used from 1820, followed by steam buses in the 1830 and electric trolleybuses in 1882. The first buses powered by internal combustion engines were used 1895 and this is still the most common power source. Recently there has been growing interest in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or bio-diesel. Most public or private buses and coaches, once they have reached the end of their service with one or more operators, are sent to the wrecking yard for breaking up for scrap and spare parts. Some buses, while not economical to keep running as service buses, are often converted in some way for use by the operator, or another user, for purposes other than revenue earning transport. Much like old cars and trucks, buses often pass through a dealership where they can be bought for a price or at auction. An ex-London Routmaster bus has been converted to a mobile theatre and catwalk fashion show. Some buses meet a destructive end by being entered in banger races or at demolition derbies. Many old retired buses have also been converted into mobile holiday homes and campers.

Transit buses increasingly use low floor bus designs and optionally also ‘kneeling’ air suspension and electrically or hydraulically extended under floor ramps to provide level access for wheelchair users. Accessible vehicles have wider entrances and interior gangways and space for wheelchairs. Interior fittings and destination displays may also be designed to be usable by the visually impaired.

The difference between traveling by buses instead trains is that the bus is extremely unstable and u can not stand or walk. There are not a lot of options for the passengers like using a bathroom or visiting a restaurant or a bar. It is pretty narrow like trains and the landscape view changes but you can only sit, read, sleep, listen to music, talk, watch some movie and so.

The Car

Is a machine used for travel(a vehicle). It usually has engine. Cars are different from motorcycles and bicycles because they have four wheels. Some small ‘city’ cars carry only two people, and/or have very little luggage space; other types are able to carry four or more passengers and heavy loads. In order for a car to work, it must have fuel, most often petrol, which is sometimes called gasoline, or can run on diesel. Other less common fuel are natural gas, or electricity. Many car making companies are also now trying to build vehicles that run successfully using hydrogen fuel cells, which are as convenient as petrol or diesel fulled cars but do not give out any polluting exhaust gases.

The advantages of using cars are various. They are faster than walking or riding a bike if you are going a long way, can carry more than one person, and a large amount of luggage. Depending of local public transport quality, Cars can be faster and more convenience than public means.Offroad vehicles are practically good at reaching places difficult for any other wheeled transport, allowing provision of goods, emergency services, transport of disabled or on firm passengers.Also in case of  bad weather conditions is better to use a car than bike or motorbike or even walking.Modern cars are often safer in accidents in any conditions, as they have added safety features such as seat belts, air bags, crumble zones and side impact protection that would be expensive or impossible on two wheeled or light 3 wheeled vehicles or most buses.

The disadvantages of using cars and the differences with the trains are that cars are expensive to buy and maintain.When cars crash they can hurt people inside and around them.Traffic jams happen when there are too many cars trying to go the same way.They couse pollution.They are dangerous for pedestrians and bike riders. Designing a town layout where everything is made for cars as the main transport can cause other problems. These include even more pollution and traffic, as everyone has to drive. Communities are divided up and separated with roads. People walking are in danger by expressways with to few foot bridges, small road bridges or crossings. Designers now understand these problems and try to build more balanced systems. Also in a car you can barely move, is not provided for pleasure trips, you have to stop and park in order to stand, walk, visit a bathroom, eat, and so on.The similarities with the trains are that the landscape is changing and you can listen to music, drink licuids(not alcohol) or watch a movie if you are not the driver.

The Bicycle

A bicycle also known as a bike or cycle, is a pedal-driven, human powered, single track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other. A person who rides a bicycle is called a cyclist or a bicyclist. Bicycles were introduced in the 19-century and now number about one billion worldwide, twice as many as automobiles. They are the principal means of transportation in many regions. They also provide a popular form of recreation, and have been adapted for such uses as children’s toys, adult fitness, military and police applications, courier services and bicycle racing. The basic shape and configuration of a typical upright bicycle has changes little since the first chain-driven model was developed around 1885. However, many details have been improved, especially since the advent of modern materials and computer aided design.

The invention of the bicycle has had an enormous impact on society, both in terms of culture and of advancing modern industrial methods. Several components that eventually played a key role in the development of the automobile were originally invented for the bicycle-e.g. ball bearings, chain driven sprockets, wheels, etc. A bicycle stays upright while moving forward by being steered so as to keep its center of gravity over the wheels. Under certain conditions the bicycle itself may provide the steering. The combined center of mass of a bicycle and its rider must lean into a turn to successfully navigate it. This is induced by a method known as counter steering, which can be performed by the rider turning the handlebars directly with hands or by leaning the bicycle. The bicycle is extraordinarily efficient in both biological and mechanical terms. The bicycle is the most efficient self-powered means of transportation in terms of energy a person must expend to travel a given distance.

From mechanical aspect, up to 99% of the energy delivered by the rider into the pedals is transmitted to the wheels, although the use of gearing mechanisms may reduce this by 10-15%. A human traveling on a bicycle at low to medium speeds of around 15-25 km/h uses only the energy required to walk. Air drag which is proportional to the square of speed, requires dramatically higher power outputs as speeds increase. If the rider is sitting upright, the rider’s body creates about 75% of the total drag of the bicycle/rider combination. Drag can be reduced by seat in a supine position or a prone position or also by covering the bicycle with an aerodynamic fairing. In addition, the carbon dioxide generated in the production and transportation of the food required by the cyclist, per mile traveled, is less than 1/10th that generated by energy-efficient cars. The bicycle has had a considerable effect on human society, in both cultural and industrial realms.

The difference traveling by bike instead of a train is that you are uncovered so it is inconvenience under bad weather conditions. You are not protected in case of an accident and is impossible to use it for fast and long distance trips. The advantage is that you feel adjusted to the environment and the landscape around you and the experience is totally different.

The Aircraft

Aircraft are vehicles which are able to fly by being supported by the air, or in general, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an air foil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.

Although rockets and missiles also travel through the atmosphere, most are not considered aircraft because they use rocket thrust instead of aerodynamics as the primary means of lift. However, rocket planes and cruise missiles are considered aircraft because they rely on lift from the air. Another type of aircraft is the spaceplane which is an aircraft designed to fly up to extreme altitudes into space and land as a conventional aircraft.

The human activity which surrounds aircraft is called aviation. Manned aircraft are flown by an onboard pilot. Unmanned aerial vehicles may be remotely controlled or self-controlled by on board computers. Target drones are an example of UAVs. Aircraft may be classified by different criteria, such as lift type, propulsion, usage and others.

Types:

Helicopters
A helicopter is one of the most convenient and timesaving ways to transfer between the city and airport, alternatively an easy way to reach remote destinations.

Twin Pistons

A economical aircraft range suitable for short distance flights. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 3 to 8 passengers.

Trbopros

A wide range of aircraft suitable for short and medium distance flights with a duration of up to 2-4 hours. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 4 to 70 passengers.

Executive jets

An Executive Jet is the most time efficient way of travel, suitable for medium or long distance flights. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 4 to 16 passengers.

Airliners

Large jet aircraft suitable for all kinds of flights. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 50 to 400 passengers.

Cargo Aircraft

Any type of cargo. Ranging from short notice flights carrying vital spare parts up to large cargo aircraft that can transport any voluminous goods.

Areas of use:

Military

Civil

Commercial

General avitation

Experimental

Model

The difference between traveling by aircraft instead of a train is that you are floating on air.This is a unique experience by itself and the comfortable seats makes it more pleasurable.On the other hand the space is very limited and the only chance to stretch your legs is to visit the bathroom.Furthermore, there is no common space like a restaurant or a bar to broad social life, and the windows are very small which makes the space quite dark.The view is limited,te only chance you have to view some landscape is during the landing and the take off.

Here are some experiences that friends had:

Well I never went on an airplane until I was about 18, and I was very nervous at first getting on the plane, but I ended up enjoying it. The part I feared most was take off and landing, but in actuality that is the best part of a plane ride… you’ll feel like you’re being pushed through your seat, but at the same time you feel very secure, it really is cool. The worst part I’d have to say is turbulence, the way I dealt with that was to remind myself that this was a very normal thing and it doesn’t necessarily mean we’re gonna fall from the sky. One more thing you have to remember is to bring gum, because of the change in air pressure (even though the plane is pressurized) your eardrums will pop, and chewing gum can help ease the pain.

Scared to death but so excited too. I got so sick when the plane took off, by the time my stomach had settled, we were landing and I got sick again. It was fantastic to be in the sky and flying next to the clouds. It was something I had always wanted to do and I was finally getting to do it and looking out at the blue skies and the mountains and all the little “ants” below were beautiful.

The train

Is a connected series of vehicles for rail transport that move along a track(permanent way) to transport freight or passengers from one place to another, move at high speeds and generally stick to arrival and departure schedules. A passenger train is one which includes passenger carrying vehicles. It may be self powered multiple units or railcar, or else a combination of one more locomotives and one or more unpowered trailers known as coaches, cars or carriages. Passenger trains travel between stations or depots, at which passengers may board and disembark. They operate in fixed schedule and have superior track occupancy rights over freight trains.

Oversight of a passenger train is the responsibility of the conductor. He or She is usually assisted by other crew members, such as service attendants or porters. During the heyday of North American passenger rail travel, long distance trains carries two conductors: the aforementioned train conductor, and a Pullman conductor, the latter being in charge of sleeping car personnel. Many prestigious passenger train services have been given a specific name, some of which have become famous in literature and fiction. In past years railroaders often referred to passenger trains as the varnish, alluding to the bygone days of wooden bodied coaches with their lustrous exterior finishes and fancy livery. ‘Blocking the varnish’ meant a slow moving freight train was obstructing a fast passenger train, casing delays.

Some passenger trains, both long distance and short, may use bi-level cars to carry more passengers. Car design and the general safety of passenger trains have dramatically evolved over time making travel by rail remarkably safe. Traveling by train you have the option to stand and walk through, have a meal at the restaurant or enjoy a drink at the bar. Also trains provide cabins with beds during overnight trips. Other things you can do is watch a movie, listen to music, read, watch outside the landscape that always changing.

There are also some special trains called luxury trains , designed specially to offer a sumptuous yet elegant ride, and evoke a strong sense of association as in history, heritage and decadence of a leisure ride. Luxury trains operate in several countries and offer a luxurious and comfortable trip. Whereas some luxury trains offer whirlwind tour across major destinations of a country/area other trains take the guest on a long leisure ride, cutting across state borders.




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